The Treaty of Munich

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The carving up of Czechoslovakia

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In Hearts of Iron 3 The Treaty of Munich decision and event gives Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland to Germany.

Context

For several years, Hitler had been pursuing the goal of a Greater Germany, composed of all of the land in which German peoples lived. The Saar was reunited with Germany in 1935, following a plebiscite. Austria was added, more forcefully, in early 1938 (Anschluss). Once Anschluss was completed, Czechoslovakia was hemmed in by Germany on three sides. The portion of Czechoslovakia bordering Germany (the Sudetenland) had a substantial German population, constituting a majority in many districts. Geography thus combined with demographics to make Czechoslovakia the next target. That spring and summer, certain Sudeten Germans agitated for autonomy or union with Germany, and German officials demanded this additional territory.

Negotiations took place over the summer. While Czechoslovakia had a well-trained army, it was unwilling to fight its much larger neighbor without the aid of the Western powers, France and the United Kingdom. France, in particular, was unprepared for war; Prime Minister Chamberlain thought Hitler would be satisfied if this demand was met. By September 21, Czechoslovakia had been forced to accept the loss of the Sudetenland. On September 28, the British asked for a conference. The next day, the Great Powers of Europe met in Munich without Czechoslovakia. On September 29, the Munich Agreement was signed by Germany, Italy, France, and the United Kingdom. The Czechoslovak government capitulated September 30 and agreed to abide by the agreement.

Details

In order for Germany to fire the event, the following conditions must be met:

Czechoslovakia must not be a subject/vassal of any nation or have joined a faction. Germany must have annexed Austria (or found other reason for it not to exist). Germany cannot be at war. Germany must not be considered any of the following government types: Social conservatism, Spanish social conservatism, market liberalism, social democracy, social liberalism left wing radicals, socialist republic, or federal socialist republic (i.e: Anything other than patriarchal autocracy). Czechoslovakia must not be in an alliance with any nation, (only tested with the Soviet Union, Germany or the United Kingdom). Germany's dissent must also be below 1.0.

The A.I., as Germany, will always use this event, which adds cores on the Sudetenland, five dissent, increase Germany's threat to Czechoslovakia by five, decreases their relations with France and the United Kingdom by ten, and Czechoslovakia by 20. The United Kingdom, France, and Germany will lose five neutrality each. Germany's threat on all nations will increase by 15 (for a total increase to Czechoslovakia of 20).

When offered, the A.I. (as Czechoslovakia) will accept the treaty 100% of the time and relinquish the provinces. Should the deal be accepted, Czechoslovakia's relations with Germany will improve by ten, but decrease with France and the United Kingdom by the same amount. Czechoslovakia will receive 25 dissent.

Another option for Czechoslovakia players would be to join the Axis, improving relations with Germany by 40, and reducing them with France and the United Kingdom by the same amount. Czechoslovakia's relation with the Soviet Union will decrease by 35. In this instance, Czechoslovakia loses five neutrality and gain 25 dissent, but is kept intact. Should a Czechoslovakia player wish to reject the treaty, this will raise neutrality by five, reduce relations with Germany by 50, the United Kingdom and France by 10, and improve relations with the Soviet Union by 30. Either way, Czechoslovakia will gain 25 dissent.

When Germany receives the Sudetenland, it benefits from an additional 300 manpower. If Czechoslovakia joins the Axis, relations will improve by another 100 (for a total of 140). Should Czechoslovakia refuse the treaty, Germany is given another event, whether to back down or incite war. Backing down will increase dissent by five, while going to war with Czechoslovakia decreases relations with France and the United Kingdom by ten, the United States by seven, and the Soviet Union and Poland by five.