The Treaty of Munich

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The carving up of Czechoslovakia


In Hearts of Iron 3 The Treaty of Munich decision and event gives Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland to Germany.


For several years, Hitler had been pursuing the goal of a Greater Germany, composed of all of the land in which German peoples lived. The Saar was reunited with Germany in 1935, following a plebiscite. Austria was added, more forcefully, in early 1938 (Anschluss). Once Anschluss was completed, Czechoslovakia was hemmed in by Germany on three sides. The portion of Czechoslovakia bordering Germany (the Sudetenland) had a substantial German population, constituting a majority in many districts. Geography thus combined with demographics to make Czechoslovakia the next target. That spring and summer, certain Sudeten Germans agitated for autonomy or union with Germany, and German officials demanded this additional territory.

Negotiations took place over the summer. While Czechoslovakia had a well-trained army, it was unwilling to fight its much larger neighbor without the aid of the Western powers, France and the United Kingdom. France, in particular, was unprepared for war; Prime Minister Chamberlain thought Hitler would be satisfied if this demand was met. By September 21, Czechoslovakia had been forced to accept the loss of the Sudetenland. On September 28, the British asked for a conference. The next day, the Great Powers of Europe met in Munich without Czechoslovakia. On September 29, the Munich Agreement was signed by Germany, Italy, France, and the United Kingdom. The Czechoslovak government capitulated September 30 and agreed to abide by the agreement.


In order for Germany to fire the event, the following conditions must be met:

  • The year must be 1938 or later.
  • Czechoslovakia must not be a subject/vassal of any nation or have joined a faction.
  • Germany must have annexed Austria (or found other reason for it not to exist).
  • Germany cannot be at war.
  • Germany must not be considered any of the following government types: Social conservatism, Spanish social conservatism, market liberalism, social democracy, social liberalism left wing radicals, socialist republic, or federal socialist republic (i.e.: Anything other than patriarchal autocracy).
  • Czechoslovakia must not be in an alliance with the Soviet Union, Germany or the United Kingdom.
  • Germany's dissent must be below 1.0.

The A.I., as Germany, will always use this event, which gives them the following:

  • Add cores on the Sudetenland
  • Dissent +5
  • Threat to Czechoslovakia +5
  • Relations with France and the United Kingdom -10
  • Relations with Czechoslovakia -20
  • United Kingdom, France, and Germany: Neutrality -5
  • Germany: Threat to all nations +15 (for a total increase to Czechoslovakia of 20)

When offered, the A.I. (as Czechoslovakia) will accept the treaty 100% of the time and relinquish the provinces. Should the deal be accepted, Czechoslovakia will get:

  • Relations with Germany +10
  • Relations with France and the United Kingdom -10
  • Dissent +25

Another option for Czechoslovakia players would be to join the Axis without giving up any territory. This has the following consequences:

  • Relations with Germany +40
  • Relations with France and the United Kingdom -40
  • Relations with the Soviet Union +35
  • Neutrality -5
  • Dissent +25

Finally, a Czechoslovakia player may reject the treaty:

  • Neutrality +5
  • Relations with Germany -50
  • Relations with the United Kingdom and France +10
  • Relations with the Soviet Union +30
  • Dissent +25

When Germany receives the Sudetenland, it benefits from an additional 300 manpower. If Czechoslovakia joins the Axis, relations will improve by another 100 (for a total of 140). Should Czechoslovakia refuse the treaty, Germany is given another event, whether to back down or incite war.

If Germany backs down, they get:

  • Dissent +5

If Germany goes to war with Czechoslovakia: